Factors Contributing to EV Sales Market Share By US State

EV Sales and Market Share By US Red vs. Blue State and Multiple Factors

State:
Red or
Blue (1)

EV Sales Share (2)
ZEV / ZEV
Mandate State (3)
EV Rebate/Tax Credit (4)Gas Price / Gallon (5)% Light Trucks Purchased (6)Household Median Income (7)"Green Score" (8)
Alabama0.41%N/ANO$3.4763.40%51,11339.99
Alaska0.59%N/ANO$2.4678.80%72,23149.41
Arizona1.84%N/ANO$2.5263.00%61,12554.33
Arkansas0.35%N/ANO$3.1570.80%48,82940.09
California7.84%ZEV + MandateYES$4.0550.70%69,75969.4
Colorado2.61%N/AYES$2.8572.90%74,17259.57
Connecticut2.02%ZEV + MandateYES$2.9964.30%72,78073.89
Delaware1.27%ZEVYES$2.9462.90%62,31863.19
District of Columbia3.34%ZEVNO$2.6549.50%83,382N/A
Florida1.03%N/ANO$2.6556.30%53,68150.15
Georgia1.18%N/ANO$2.6560.10%57,01653.89
Hawaii2.59%N/ANO$3.6559.90%73,57562.4
Idaho0.77%N/ANO$2.6777.20%60,20858.48
Illinois1.20%N/ANO$3.2064.50%64,60959.51
Indiana0.82%N/ANO$2.9968.60%58,87349.18
Iowa0.70%N/ANO$2.8874.80%63,48152.88
Kansas0.96%N/ANO$2.6068.40%57,87250.36
Kentucky0.53%N/ANO$2.6866.30%51,34832.23
Louisiana0.28%N/AYES$2.4766.80%43,90323.96
Maine1.13%ZEV + MandateNO$2.8573.80%51,66466.73
Maryland1.91%ZEV + MandateYES$2.7660.00%81,08466.6
Massachusetts2.53%ZEV + MandateYES$2.8166.10%73,22772.53
Michigan0.59%N/ANO$2.8976.90%57,70063.65
Minnesota1.14%N/ANO$2.7273.00%71,92073.13
Mississippi0.22%N/ANO$2.5563.00%43,44142.69
Missouri0.73%N/ANO$2.4767.60%56,88557.94
Montana0.47%N/ANO$2.8777.50%59,08752.44
Nebraska0.73%N/ANO$2.6473.00%59,61950.53
Nevada1.62%N/ANO$2.7759.00%56,55065.63
New Hampshire1.16%N/ANO$2.7469.60%74,80167.79
New Jersey1.59%ZEV + MandateNO$2.7460.70%72,99765.25
New Mexico0.81%ZEVNO$2.9064.70%47,85551.18
New York1.56%ZEV + MandateYES$2.7365.60%62,44775.49
North Carolina1.02%N/ANO$3.4962.50%50,34360.32
North Dakota0.24%N/ANO$2.9681.20%59,88637.9
Ohio0.74%N/ANO$2.7764.90%59,76850.87
Oklahoma0.35%N/ANO$2.5759.30%55,00642.8
Oregon3.41%ZEV + MandateYES$3.4368.60%64,61075.24
Pennsylvania0.92%N/AYES$3.0166.40%63,17358.08
Rhode Island1.26%ZEV + MandateYES$2.8663.10%66,39069
South Carolina0.53%N/ANO$2.4764.10%54,97157.39
South Dakota0.35%N/ANO$2.7979.30%56,89468.45
Tennessee0.73%N/ANO$2.5563.60%55,24054.71
Texas0.78%N/AYES *$2.5865.50%59,29546.67
Utah1.60%N/ANO$3.2069.40%71,31953.27
Vermont1.92%ZEV + MandateNO$2.5972.40%63,80576.35
Virginia1.67%N/ANO$2.8160.40%71,29355.22
Washington4.28%ZEVNO$3.5465.70%75,41865.77
West Virginia0.27%N/ANO$2.8474.30%45,39228.77
Wisconsin0.79%N/ANO$2.7672.60%63,45167.79
Wyoming0.35%N/ANO$2.8082.40%57,83736.91

Notes and Data Sources:

1. Red states/blue states – CFA Institute

2. For the full year 2018 – Alliance of Auto Manufacturers, Advanced Technology Vehicles Sales Dashboard | Data compiled by Alliance of Auto Manufacturers using information provided by IHS Markit

3. ZEV States – GreenCarReports

4. Incentives: Tax Credits & Rebates – Tesla | ClipperCreek

5. Regular grade, as of May 19, 2019 – AAA

6. Light Trucks (Pickups, SUVs, CUVs, and Vans – combined) – IHS Markit/Auto Alliance

7. Media Household income – US Census Bureau

8. WalletHub – Greenest States – WalletHub compared the 50 states across three key dimensions: 1) Environmental Quality, 2) Eco-Friendly Behaviors and 3) Climate-Change Contributions. They evaluated those dimensions using 27 relevant metrics, withe each metric graded on a 100-point scale, with a score of 100 representing the highest level of eco-friendliness. Each state’s weighted average across all metrics was calculated resulting in an overall score.

*Texas rebate of $2,500, for the first 2,000 applicants

StateEV Sales ShareRegular GasSolar Intallation Per Household% Renewable Electricity From GridHousehold Median IncomeEV Models Available Per State% Light Trucks PurchasedEV Charging Connections Per Location
Alabama0.41%$3.470.00%951,11328.0863.40%2.33
Alaska0.59%$2.460.01%2872,23127.8378.80%1.63
Arizona1.84%$2.523.77%1261,12531.0863.00%2.69
Arkansas0.35%$3.150.02%748,82925.8370.80%2.72
California7.84%$4.055.00%4769,75941.5850.70%3.86
Colorado2.61%$2.850.13%2074,17232.0872.90%2.68
Connecticut2.02%$2.991.74%572,78035.5864.30%2.43
Delaware1.27%$2.941.53%362,31831.0862.90%3.24
District of Columbia3.34%$2.651.25%N/A83,38230.8349.50%2.79
Florida1.03%$2.650.04%153,68131.0856.30%2.58
Georgia1.18%$2.650.00%1057,01632.0860.10%3.02
Hawaii2.59%$3.650.52%2573,57531.0859.90%1.97
Idaho0.77%$2.670.01%8060,20828.0877.20%2.33
Illinois1.20%$3.200.03%764,60931.0864.50%2.58
Indiana0.82%$2.990.04%858,87331.0868.60%2.45
Iowa0.70%$2.880.02%4063,48126.0874.80%2.49
Kansas0.96%$2.600.00%3757,87228.0868.40%4.2
Kentucky0.53%$2.680.00%651,34828.0866.30%2.18
Lousianna0.28%$2.470.02%443,90328.0866.80%2.34
Maine1.13%$2.850.13%7151,66435.5873.80%1.86
Maryland1.91%$2.760.53%1181,08438.5860.00%2.69
Massachussets2.53%$2.812.82%1073,22739.5866.10%2.94
Michigan0.59%$2.890.01%1057,70031.0876.90%2.77
Minnesota1.14%$2.720.08%2671,92031.0873.00%2.43
Mississippi0.22%$2.550.01%343,44128.0863.00%2.71
Missouri0.73%$2.470.23%356,88530.8367.60%4.22
Montana0.47%$2.870.02%4959,08725.8377.50%2.5
Nebraska0.73%$2.640.00%1859,61928.0873.00%2.62
Nevada1.62%$2.771.61%2656,55031.0859.00%2.92
New Hampshire1.16%$2.740.68%1974,80128.0869.60%1.95
New Jersey1.59%$2.741.60%572,99738.5860.70%2.57
New Mexico0.81%$2.901.10%1947,85528.0864.70%2.69
New York1.56%$2.730.71%2762,44739.5865.60%2.38
North Carolina1.02%$3.490.00%1050,34331.0862.50%2.29
North Dakota0.24%$2.960.00%3359,88627.8381.20%1.53
Ohio0.74%$2.770.05%359,76831.0864.90%2.31
Oklahoma0.35%$2.570.00%3555,00628.0859.30%2.52
Oregon3.41%$3.430.28%7164,61041.5868.60%2.42
Pennsylvania0.92%$3.010.23%563,17331.0866.40%2.38
Rhode Island1.26%$2.860.14%466,39032.5863.10%2.95
South Carolina0.53%$2.470.01%554,97128.0864.10%2.14
South Dakota0.35%$2.790.01%7556,89425.8379.30%2.7
Tennesse0.73%$2.550.02%1255,24031.0863.60%2.61
Texas0.78%$2.580.16%1659,29534.0865.50%2.74
Utah1.60%$3.200.09%1471,31931.0869.40%2.87
Vermont1.92%$2.590.64%10063,80530.3372.40%2.59
Virginia1.67%$2.810.00%471,29330.8360.40%2.35
Washignton4.28%$3.540.01%7975,41835.0865.70%2.73
West Virginia0.27%$2.840.01%445,39226.0874.30%2.44
Wisconsin0.79%$2.760.15%863,45128.0872.60%1.9
Wyoming0.35%$2.800.07%1257,83724.8382.40%2.73

States With EV Rebates and/or Tax Credits – Supporting Detail

StateState EV Rebate /
Tax Credit
Type /
Amount
AlabamaNO
AlaskaNO
ArizonaNOReduced Vehicle License Tax, Carpool lane access and reduced rates for electric vehicle charging
ArkansasNO
CaliforniaYES$2,500 rebate (based on income eligibility)
ColoradoYES$5,000 tax credit (purchase)
$2,500 tax credit (lease)
ConnecticutYES$500 - $2,000 rebate
DelawareYES$1,000 rebate for EVs w/ base price $60,000+ / $3,500 for under $60,000
District of ColumbiaNO
FloridaNO
GeorgiaNO
HawaiiNOCarpool lane access and reduced rates for electric vehicle charging
IdahoNO
IllinoisNO
IndianaNO
IowaNO
KansasNO
KentuckyNO
LouisianaYES$2,500 income tax credit
MaineNO
MarylandYES$3,000 Excise Tax Credit for new vehicles with a total price under $60,000 | $700 rebate on wall connectors and installation
MassachusettsYES$1,000 rebate for EVs w/ base price $60,000+ / $2,500 for under $60,000
MichiganNO
MinnesotaNO
MississippiNO
MissouriNO
MontanaNO
NebraskaNO
NevadaNO
New HampshireNO
New JerseyNOEVs are exempt from state sales and use tax
New MexicoNO
New YorkYES$500 rebate for EVs w/ base price $60,000+ / $2,000 for under $60,000
North CarolinaNO
North DakotaNO
OhioNO
OklahomaNO
OregonYESRebates $1,550-$2,500 (battery size) | Rebates of $2500 for low/moderate income households | MSRP less than $50,000
PennsylvaniaYES$1,750 rebate for new vehicles with a base price under $50,000
Rhode IslandYESRebates of $500-$2,500 based on battery size
South CarolinaNO
South DakotaNO
TennesseeNO
TexasYES **Rebate of $2,500, for the first 2,000 applicants
UtahNO
VermontNO
VirginiaNOBut EVs are exempt from sales tax
WashingtonNOExempt from the motor vehicle sales and use taxes. The sales tax exemption expires July 1, 2019
West Virginia
WisconsinNO
WyomingNO

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