Discontinued Electric Vehicles (EVs)

One of the traits of early electric vehicles (EVs) is that many automakers have built these EVs primarily as what’s known as compliance cars. These cars are built primarily to sell in the state of California to meet California Air Resources Board (CARB) requirements and allow the automakers to continue selling cars in the state.

Many of these compliance EVs have short battery ranges, may not be offered in popular body styles, often are priced with a significant price premium relative to comparative ICE models, and often were not actively marketed or promoted by auto dealers.

The result is these electric cars sell very poorly for a few years and then the automaker decides to literally pull the plug on the model. Hopefully, however they’ve learned a few things about battery technology, charging infrastructure and perhaps even how to sell electric vehicles by monitoring more successful competitors such as Tesla.

A key question then becomes, once these EVs are killed off, with what new models, if anything does the automaker replace the vehicle?

Following is a table of passenger electric vehicles (we are not including commercial or fleet vehicles) that have been sold in the US since 1999 and then later discontinued. This list also includes EVs that have been rumored or announced that they will be discontinued in the future. (The table is sortable by column):

BrandModelBody Type
EV
Type
Status
Year
D/C
Replacements
Audi A3 Sportback e-tronSedanPHEVD/C2019e-tron SUV
BMWi8Sports CarPHEVD/C2020 (April)No announced electric sports car
CadillacCT6SedanPHEVD/C2019Cadillac is transitioning to all-electric brand, BEV CUV expected 2020-2021
CadillacELRCoupePHEVD/C2017N/A
ChevroletVoltHatchbackPHEVD/C2019 (March)GM will no longer produce PHEVs
ChevroletS-10 ElectricPickupBEVD/C1998N/A
ChevroletSparkSubcompactBEVD/C2016Chevrolet Bolt
CodaCodaSedanBEVD/C2013N/A
GMEV1CoupeBEVD/C1999N/A
FiskerKarmaSports CarPHEVD/C2012Karma Revero
FordC-MAXHatchbackPHEVD/C2018N/A
FordFocus ElectricHatchbackBEVD/C2019Unnamed BEV crossover
FordRangerPickupBEVD/C2002N/A
HondaAccordSedanPHEVD/C2015Clarity PHEV
HondaFitSubcompactBEVD/C2014N/A
HondaClaritySedanBEVD/C2020N/A
HyundaiSonataSedanPHEVD/C2020Focus on regular hybrid version
Mercedes-BenzB250eHatchbackBEVD/C2017EQ Series
MitsubishiiMiEVSubcompactBEVD/C2017N/A
smartfortwoCity carBEVD/C2020N/A
TeslaRoadsterRoadsterBEVD/C2012Roadster
ToyotaRAV4 EVSUVBEVD/C2003N/A
ToyotaRAV4 EVSUVBEVD/C2014N/A
ToyotaPrius PHVHatchbackPHEVD/C2016Prius Prime

Notes:

  • D/C = Discontinued
  • Review = Automaker has confirmed publicly that the vehicle is under review and may be discontinued.
  • Rumor = Automaker has not confirmed a model will be discontinued, but his highly likely.
  • Chevrolet Spark was discontinued because of both poor sales and the impending launch of the Bolt. Similarly, the Mercedes-Benz B250e sold poorly and is being discontinued in advance of Mercedes launch in the future of its EQ line of EVs.
  • Fisker Karma was produced by Fiskar Automotive which went out of business.The Fisker Karma was redesigned by Karma Automotive and reintroduced as the Revero. (Source: Wikipedia)
  • Ford C-MAX was also produced in regular hybrid version.
  • Toyota RAV4 was produced as a BEV twice, the more recent version was built using a Tesla electric drive train.